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Child Concussions and Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)

Concussion Breakstone, White & Gluck and our Project KidSafe campaign are committed to helping children and families protect against concussions and traumatic brain injuries. By learning to recognize potential symptoms and taking simple precautions such as wearing a bike helmet, you can help protect your children and teach them essential steps to protect themselves.

Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)

  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (often referred to as a concussion)
  • Post-Concussion Syndrome

Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) and Concussions

The CDC advises families to look for these potential signs and symptoms of traumatic brain injuries and concussions:

Symptoms of TBI and Concussions
Thinking/RememberingDifficulty thinking clearly
Feeling slowed down
Difficulty concentrating
Difficulty remembering new information
PhysicalLoss of consciousness
One pupil larger than the other
Headache
Blurry vision
Dizziness
Sensitivity to noise or light
Balance problems
Feeling tired, having no energy
Slurred speech
Vomiting/nausea
EmotionalIrritability
Sadness
More emotional
Nervousness or anxiety
SleepSleeping more or less than usual
Trouble falling asleep.

Source: CDC.

Traumatic Brain Injuries: Symptoms in Children

Young children can suffer the same symptoms as adults and older children. But young children may also cry non-stop for long periods of time, resist food or stop eating. They may struggle with sleep.

Prevention: Children's Concussions and Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)

Driving Safely

Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of TBI and it is important to follow safety fundamentals when you drive with your family. Car seats and seat belts are your first line of protection. Second, commit to setting aside distractions such as cell phones. Wait until you have stopped and are safely back home.

Third, help your teen driver. Take turns driving so you can observe their skills and they can learn from you. A lot of learning happens during the first few years of driving, starting with making responsible decisions.

Start an ongoing conversation about safe driving with these resources. Ask your teen driver to sign an agreement:

Sports Concussions and TBI

Massachusetts passed a student sports concussion safety law in 2010. The law is M.G.L. c. 111, § 222 and the regulation is 105 CMR 201.00: Head injuries and concussions in extracurricular activities.

Under this law, public high schools and middle schools affiliated with the Massachusetts Interscholastic Athletic Association (MIAA) must follow the same standard to protect students from concussions. A few points from the law:

  • Everyone involved in school sports - coaches, nurses, teachers, students and parents - must participate in concussion awareness training. The goal is to better recognize when students show potential symptoms and act.
  • Students with concussion symptoms must be removed from play until they receive written medical clearance. This clearance must come from a licensed physician, a licensed neuropsychologist, a certified trainer or other appropriately trained or licensed health care.
  • There is a written form to go with each step of the process. Parents should ask for copies of all paperwork to help them understand the steps.
  • Schools must document all head injuries across all sports. As a parent, you have the right to request this injury data.

Protect Your Family from Head Injuries - Always Wear a Helmet

Children Wearing Bike HelmetsBreakstone, White & Gluck encourages all cyclists to wear bike helmets to protect themselves. Wearing a helmet is a simple habit. But to really protect yourself, you must commit to wear your helmet every time you ride.

In Massachusetts, cyclists who are 16 and younger are required to wear bicycle helmets. If you are a parent, make sure your child wears a helmet (even on quick trips). And wear one yourself. Seeing you in a helmet will strongly influence your child.

Massachusetts Helmet Laws for Children Massachusetts Bicycle Helmet Law: Children 16 and younger are required to wear bicycle helmets when they ride bikes in Massachusetts, under M.G.L. c. 85, § 11B. Massachusetts Scooter Helmet Law: Under M.G.L. c. 85, § 11B1/2B, children 16 and younger must also wear safety helmets on scooters, skateboards and inline skates, as well as other manually-propelled wheeled vehicles.


Breakstone, White & Gluck has over 100 years combined experience representing those injured by negligence in Massachusetts. Read more about our Project KidSafe campaign and our attorneys' experience representing individuals who have suffered traumatic brain injuries and concussions.

Massachusetts Injury Lawyer Blog
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