Bicycle Dooring Accidents

Driver with an open vehicle door, creating a hazard for cyclist Dooring accidents almost always cause severe and debilitating injuries to cyclists. Massachusetts and many states have laws that say drivers have a responsibility to look before they open doors. When they neglect to do so, cyclists can crash into a vehicle's open door or be forced into a traffic lane.

Dooring crashes are not just serious; they can be fatal. When cyclists survive, they can suffer shattered teeth and facial bones, lacerations, broken limbs and head injuries. Rehabilitation can be a long and trying process.

Claims for dooring injuries will be brought against the negligent driver or against the negligent passenger who opened the door. Since these claims arise from motor vehicle collisions, the claim will usually be handled under the insurance policy for the car involved. For injuries caused by passengers, homeowner’s insurance policies may also provide insurance coverage. And if the amounts of these insurance policies are not adequate, a cyclist can make a claim against their own (or a family member’s) car insurance policy.

At Breakstone, White & Gluck, our bicycle accident attorneys are committed to providing cyclists with personalized attention and negotiating the compensation you need and deserve after a dooring accident. We are here to explain the legal process and aggressively represent your best interests.

Free Legal Consultation: 800-379-1244 or 617-723-7676 or use our contact form.

Massachusetts Law Against Dooring

Driver with an open vehicle door, creating a hazard for cyclistDooring is against the law in Massachusetts and at least 39 other states, according to the League of American Bicyclists. In Massachusetts, M.G.L. c. 90 § 14 states:

"No person shall open a door on a motor vehicle unless it is reasonably safe to do so without interfering with the movement of other traffic, including bicyclists and pedestrians. Whoever violates the preceding sentence shall be punished by a fine of not more than $100."

Massachusetts is one of three states which recognize the risk to pedestrians in the law. The others are Rhode Island, Oregon and Washington D.C.

Because of the number of injuries, the state of Massachusetts added a new section to the driver's manual in 2017, encouraging drivers to use the “Dutch reach method” when parking and exiting cars. Drivers are reminded to check their rearview and sideview mirrors, then open the vehicle's door with their far hand (and observe traffic around them as they reach). Dooring accidents are preventable if drivers slow down, follow these steps and avoid all distractions, such as cell phones.

Facts and Statistics: Dooring Injuries in Massachusetts and the U.S.

  • The City of Cambridge reports dooring accidents account for 20 percent of all bicycle accidents (Source: City of Cambridge Community Development Department).
  • Dooring accidents make up 7 to 13 percent of all bicycle accidents in the City of Boston (Source: Boston Cyclist Safety Report, 2013).
  • Dooring accidents can be fatal. In Cambridge, a cyclist was tragically killed in Inman Square in 2016. The driver of a parked car opened his door right in front of her, and she was thrown into traffic where she was struck by a truck.
  • Across the country, cycling fatalities increased by 11 percent in 2016, with 840 cyclists killed and many more injured. This stands as the highest number of deaths since 1991, according to the 2016 Fatal Motor Vehicle Crashes Crash Stats.

What Should I Do if I Have Been Injured by a Dooring Accident?

First, visit a hospital to receive the medical attention you need. Once you have seen a doctor, you can consult with Breakstone, White & Gluck; our bicycle accident lawyers can explain your legal rights, advise you if you have a potential claim and promptly investigate.

It is important for you to contact police and to file a police report promptly. Our firm will interview witnesses while their memories are still fresh. On city streets in Boston and Cambridge, traffic is thick. Finding witnesses who actually saw a bike crash, especially one involving a parked car, can be challenging, so it is critical to start investigating right away. There may also be video surveillance from nearby buildings or even vehicles that were in the vicinity, such as MBTA buses.

What Benefits Are Available for Injured Bicyclists?

Massachusetts law provides up to $8,000 in personal injury protection benefits (PIP benefits) for injured cyclists. These are known as “no-fault” benefits. These benefits cover medical bills and lost wages of the injured person.

In addition to the PIP benefits, our lawyers will negotiate compensation available from the auto insurance policies, including potentially your own household auto insurance.

How Long Do You Have to File a Claim After a Dooring Accident?

There is a Statute of Limitations on bicycle accident injuries in Massachusetts. Ordinarily, you have three years to file a lawsuit against the driver at fault or you lose your right to seek compensation in the courts for your injuries. There are some exceptions for making claims within two years, so contacting an attorney as soon as possible is very important.

At Breakstone, White & Gluck, we understand a dooring accident can take everything away from you in an instant. Our goal is to help you recover physically and emotionally and get back to living your life as soon as possible.

For a Free Legal Consultation, call Breakstone, White & Gluck today: 800-379-1244 or 617-723-7676.


Our Commitment to Bicycle Safety Our attorneys are strongly committed to safety for cyclists in Boston and Massachusetts. We have worked with cyclists for more than 25 years and are a strong supporter of MassBike, Boston Cyclists Union and local cycling clubs. Through our Project KidSafe campaign, we have donated over 20,000 bicycle helmets to children to prevent head injuries.

Client Reviews
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David really cared about me as an individual…and he really cared about seeking the justice that needed to be sought in the case.
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Ron got the insurance company to settle for the maximum on the policy. And so as a result of that, my son went back to school. Jeff
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Marc just guided us through the whole process. He told us exactly what would happen and how we needed to go about doing everything. Jesenia
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I would recommend David…The outcome of my case, I was very pleased with it. I hope I don't have another accident, but if I do we'll be back to see David. Paul
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Ron was excellent. He was on top of everything. He answered every question. John
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Marc was extremely professional. I felt very confident that he knew exactly what he was doing. This is his area of practice and I had total confidence in him and I actually have recommended him to other people who have been in accidents. Josh